Definition and History of UNESCO World Geoparks

UNESCO has a clear and comprehensive definition of the geopark it invented: a range of clearly defined boundaries and a sufficient area to include some of the rarest and most prominent geological phenomena, with valuable natural, historical and cultural attractions. This extension should have expansion and utilization management plans and conservation plans and be capable of raising the economic level of the local community and attracting public cooperation.
In addition to the official UNESCO definition, it can be said that the geopark is surrounded by the presence of significant geosites, rich nature and environment, attractive cultural features and most importantly, the active participation and participation of the local community in development, conservation and sustainability programs. Unlike a variety of natural protected areas, geoparks are not only restricted to visitors, but also designed for people. Geoparks provide tourists with access to natural and cultural sites and sites that will provide sustainable economic prosperity for local communities. An important prerequisite for a geopark’s success is the existence of appropriate and accurate plans and strategies for managing the geopark; strategies for conservation, proper utilization, empowering the local community, and sustainable geopark development.

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A geosite is a site in a geopark that has a rare and valuable geological, cultural-historical and natural phenomenon or complication that has outstanding scientific or aesthetic value and, while having the appropriate interpretive tools and infrastructure, provides public visiting conditions for visitors.

Networking and participation of the local community is one of the most important pillars of a UNSECO Global Geopark and the creation of a network of volunteer partners with the aim of conservation geological, natural, cultural-historical attractions and cooperation in tourism issues.

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