The Natural Heritage of Tabas Geopark
Tabas Geopark is located in the center of Iran and in the northwest of South Khorasan province. This region has a desert ecosystem with a hot and dry climate and is mainly made up of vast plains and deserts. However, there are several mountainous regions in this area of Iran, whose presence next to the plains and deserts has led to the emergence of a unique flora and fauna. Different types of desert and mountain trees, medicinal plants (more than 60 types), and a wide range of mammals, reptiles, and birds are also found in this area of Iran.
Geosite of Naybandan Wildlife refuge
The geosite of Naybandan Wildlife Refuge with an area of 1.516.994 hectares, located around 200 km south of Tabas, is the largest wildlife refuge in Iran. This area, which has been under protection since 1994, is one of the most important habitats of the Asian cheetah. Tectonic activities such as folding and faults have created different heights and topographies from 600 m to about 3 thousand m in this area. These activities have created various topography in this region, including plains, ridges, sand dunes, high mountains, and vast salt marshes. This topographic variety has made this area a suitable host for a wide range of plant and animal species, as a result of which 177 plant species, including Amygdalus Lycioides Spech , bitter almond, wild fig, Tamarix, Haloxylon recurvum , Atraphaxis , Artemisia, Zygophyllum, Ferula, Citrullus colocynthis and Aizoaceae are found in the area, along with animals such as Asian cheetah, leopard, caracal, wild cat, chinkara, ram and sheep, wild goat, hyena, Blanford’s fox, Rüppell’s fox, common fox, and jackal.